“Even if there is enough work to ensure full employment by 2030, major transitions lie ahead that could match or even exceed the scale of historical shifts out of agriculture and manufacturing,” according to a report by the McKinsey Global Institute published this month. “Even as it causes declines in some occupations, automation will change many more – 60 percent of occupations have at least 30 percent of constituent work activities that could be automated.”
The report says that ‘unpredictable’ jobs such as gardeners, plumbers, child and elder-care workers are among those facing less risk from automation over the next decade, as they remain challenging to automate and normally don’t earn high wages, according to McKinsey.
Further, the report emphasizes that it doesn’t see automation leading to large-scale unemployment.
“It is important to note, however, that even when some tasks are automated, employment in those occupations may not decline but rather workers may perform new tasks,” says McKinsey.